Endodontists are dentists who specialize in Root Canal Treatment in cases of pulp (nerve) diseases. Root canal treatment is one of the most common procedures where the endodontist remove the damaged nerve while saving the tooth. This surgery involves removing the end of the root to eliminate an infected area (might be a cyst) which is placed beyond the root, and treating the root canals from the end. The Treatment is usually done under local anesthesia.
Exact diagnosis is necessary to distinguish between the various elements in root canal treatment: These include locating cracks in the crown and in the root, removing structures, screws and posts, removing/bypassing broken devices, calcified canals, locating other canals, treating infections in the tooth, sealing perforations, absorption, treating imperfectly developed teeth and treating teeth with complex morphology (anatomy).
When young and permanent teeth are damaged at the time when the roots are not fully developed and the root walls are shorter and thinner, the future of the tooth and the future development of the jaw are put at risk. In these challenging situations, there are several possible treatments to enable the roots to continue developing such as performing a type of “resuscitation” to help the roots continue their development or opening the root for sealing.
It known that after root canal treatment, teeth tend to change color. Various materials can be used to lighten the tooth color.